Inventory Costing Methods

How To Calculate Ending Inventory Under Specific Identification

The gross profit would be $11,800 ($19,000 Sales – 7,200 cost of goods sold). The journal entries for these transactions would be would be the same as show above the only thing changing would be the AMOUNT of cost of goods sold used in the Jan 8 and Jan 15 entries. When a company uses the weighted-average method and prices are rising, its cost of goods sold is less than that obtained under LIFO, but more than that obtained under FIFO. Inventory is not as understated as under LIFO, but it is not as up-to-date as under FIFO.

What is specific identification in periodic inventory system?

The specific identification method is a way to calculate cost of goods sold and ending inventory by tracking every single unit of inventory and adjusting the balances when inventory is sold and when it is purchased.

Faster inventory forecasting translates to shorter lead times, which goes a long way in boosting customer satisfaction, as well. That’s why the value of the inventory is so integral to the health and wealth of your store—it not only guides your goal setting, but it ensures you’re on track to hit those targets, as well. Keep reading to learn more about the ins and outs of inventory value—and to discover how to calculate this essential value all on your own. Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.

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However, in most cases, it’s not practical to carry out a physical count. Companies that deal with high-value items such as jewelry, handicrafts, etc., mainly use the Specific identification method as it keeps a record of each of such items having a high value. Companies that deal with high-value items such as jewelry, handicrafts, etc., mainly use this method as it keeps a record of each of such items having high value.

How To Calculate Ending Inventory Under Specific Identification

Specific identification method of inventory valuation can be applied in situations where different purchases can be physically separated. Under this method, each item sold and each item remaining in the inventory is identified. Figuring the cost of goods sold is simple if you sell dozens of interchangeable items.

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Here we will demonstrate the mechanics used to calculate the ending inventory values using the four cost allocation methods and the periodic inventory system. Journal entries are not shown, but the following discussion provides the information that would be used in recording the necessary journal entries. Each time a product is sold, a revenue entry would be made to record the sales revenue and the corresponding accounts receivable or cash from the sale.

  • In other words, it can be used in the U.S. but not in many other countries.
  • Calculating inventory value is vital in creating financial goals and appraising your company’s current assets .
  • As the company has a vast number of transactions, it is difficult to identify the purchased products, so this method is rarely used.
  • FIFO MethodsUnder the FIFO method of accounting inventory valuation, the goods that are purchased first are the first to be removed from the inventory account.
  • For example, car dealerships, art galleries, and jewelry stores often utilize specific identification to inform their inventory valuation.
  • In order to forecast with any kind of accuracy, business owners need to know what inventory they already have available, and what range of budget they have to work with.

The reason is that inventory measurement bears directly on the determination of income! The slightest adjustment to inventory will cause a corresponding change in an entity’s reported income. C. An adjusting journal entry is required at year end, to match physical counts to the asset account.


FIFO assumes a cost flow based on the order of inventory acquisition, while the specific inventory method assigns actual costs to each item individually. Ending InventoryThe ending inventory formula computes the total value of finished products remaining How To Calculate Ending Inventory Under Specific Identification in stock at the end of an accounting period for sale. It is evaluated by deducting the cost of goods sold from the total of beginning inventory and purchases. Last in, first out assumes that the most recently purchased inventory was sold first.

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